From the wounds thereby caused to the trunk of the tree, derives a thick and resinous dark colored substance called turpentine which is similar to the mastic.
The turpentine is then collected and disposed in special containers. Initially, the color becomes yellowish and thick but once cleaned and boiled in a special pot over low heat temperature while it is further stirred, it eliminates a large amount of essential oil which is liquefied and becomes a milky color. It is then strained with appropriate clothing in a wooden vessel containing a large amount of water. Afterwards, it is kneaded until its pale yellow color becomes white. The water must continuously be updated, so that it is kept cold.
Old Preparation Method:
Through this process the turpentine becomes increasingly whiter and more resilient. Last but not least, the whitewashed substance is allowed to cool and then cut into small uniform pieces, which are placed in a special wrapping and as such they are then distributed to the market which is known as the famous and much sought after “Paphian Charalambous Gum.” (Pafitiki pissa Charalambous)